Shukhov Tower is situated on the left bank of the river Oka not far from Dzerzhinsk. The 128-metre-high free-standing steel diagrid structure was built by Russian engineer, architect, inventor and scientist Vladimir Shukhov. It is the first hyperboloid structure of power transmission line in the world. The tower combines high durability and elegance. Shukhov Tower got the recognition of western specialists, who appreciated it as a unique monument of Russian Avangard, and recommended to put the tower into the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Tower consists of five sections stacked on one another to approximate an overall conical shape. Each section is 25 metres high. The tower sections are single-cavity hyperboloids of rotation made of straight beams, the ends of which rest against circular foundations. The upper section is provided with a support structure with a horizontal steel crosshead 18 meters in length for mounting three high-voltage wires. The tower stands on a circular concrete foundation with a diameter of 30 meters.
The wind load is the main danger for tall buildings, but Shukhov tower has a diagrid structure, and its steel shell experiences minimum wind load. If you stand too close to the tower and look up, it seems that the construction bends.
In 1997 the tower was given the status of a regional monument.