Vladimir is the ancient capital of North-Eastern Russia. It is one of the largest touristic centres of European part of Russia. Vladimir is included into “Golden Ring of Russia”. The city is situated on the left bank of the river Klyazma, in 206 km from Dzerzhinsk and 176 km from Moscow.
The history of Vladimir started in 1108 when Prince Vladimir Monomakh built a fortress in a very good place which was called after him. The fortress was protected by the river Lebed in the north, by the river Klyazma in the south and by deep ravines in the west and east.
Yury Dolgoruky was Monomakh’s heir. In 1157 he built a new prince’s court with a church in the honour of Georgy Pobedonosetz. The city began to develop very quickly.
Prince Andrey Bogolubsky, Yury Dolgoruky’s son, made Vladimir the capital of principality instead of Kiev. The grandiouse construction began: new ramparts around the city were built, they were equipped with wooden walls and pass-gates, the defensive ring was widened.
Vsevolod III Bolshoe Gnezdo (Big Nest), Andrey Bogobolubsky’s brother, continued the construction of the city. But in 1238 Vladimir was attacked, destroyed and burnt by Tatars. After that it was very hard for the city to become as great as it had been before. The destroyed buildings were reconstructed rather slowly.
In 1252-1263 the city was ruled by Prince Aleksandr Nevsky, who was buried in Rozhdestvensky monastery.
At the end of the 13th century the residence of Russian metropolitans moved to Vladimir from ruined Kiev. The city became the centre of North-Eastern Russia where princely congresses and great Russian chronicle were held.
In the 14th century Vladimir was included into Great Moscow Principality and became its ordinary city. Grand-Ducal and Episcopal thrones were moved to Moscow.
From the 14th till the 17th centuries Tatars constantly attacked, robbed and burnt the city. By 1668 there were only 400 houses and 990 people in the city.
In 1796 the city became the capital of Vladimirskaya province. The rapid construction of the city began. The governor’s house, the belfry of Uspensky cathedral, noble assemly, shops and other buildings were built.
The first railway road and the railway station apeared in 1861.
Nowadays there are more than 200 monuments of history and culture. Golden Gates, Uspensky and Dmitrievsky Cathedrals are the most famous monuments in the city. They are included into UNESCO World Heritage List.
Pokrova na Nerli church has made the village Bogolubovo famous all over the world. Lots of art critics were greatly impressed by the extraodinary harmony, precision and proportionality of forms of this unique church that was included into UNESCO World Heritage List. Pokrova na Nerli church is situated on the bank of the river and has a special place in the history of Vladimirsky region. It has a fascinating and at the same time rather hard history. But the fact that it survived through centuries makes us take good care of it and attracts a lot of tourists.